Zsilka János: Dialectics of the motion forms in language (Budapest, 1981)

János Zsilka DIALECTICS OF THE MOTION FORMS IN LANGUAGE The Organic, Hypothetical and Homosyntactic Levels of the Structure of Language This is a critical exposition of trends in contemporary linguistics and the elabo­ration of an original view of language. The approach is original in that by explor­ing concrete relations, sentences are devel­oped into coherent chains of relations, into an organic system. Parallel to the un­folding of this organic system, the so­­called hypothetical system is evolved, within the framework of which the sen­tences of the organic system can be deduc­tively derived. The creative critical features of the new system operate at the hypothetical level not only in being capable of refuting the generative conception of language, but also by indicating its place in the real functioning of languages, which is real­ized in the inseparable unity of move­ments of phenomena from concrete to general and from general to concrete. Structuralism, in its popular varieties, is metaphysical in its method and ideal­istic in its content. In the author’s con­ception the functioning of language is fundamentally dialectical; the organic system can only be worked out when it accounts for everyday experiences (the pragmatic point of view), which proves the materialistic content of the theory. This conception indicates well that the generative principle cannot be monopo­lized by descriptions of metaphysical kind which have an idealistic content. AKADÉMIAI KIADÓ BUDAPEST